The Ninth Circuit this week asked the Supreme Court to address two questions of state business tort law. In Ixchel Pharma v. Biogen, Inc., a three-judge panel of the federal court wants high court resolution of these issues:
Does section 16600 of the California Business and Professions Code void a contract by which a business is restrained from engaging in a lawful trade or business with another business? [Link added.]
Is a plaintiff required to plead an independently wrongful act in order to state a claim for intentional interference with a contract that can be terminated by a party at any time, or does that requirement apply only to at-will employment contracts?