In People v. Aguayo, the Supreme Court today held that a defendant who hit her father with a bicycle chain and lock could not be convicted of both assault with a deadly weapon other than a firearm and assault by means of force likely to cause great bodily injury, if both convictions were “based on the same act or course of conduct.”

The court’s unanimous opinion by Justice Martin Jenkins explained that sometimes “ ‘the same act can support multiple charges and multiple convictions,” but not “if two alleged offenses are ‘different statements of the same offense.’ ” Interpreting the relevant assault statutory provisions, the court concluded that the two assault crimes “are merely different ways of stating the same offense.”

Resolving a split in Court of Appeal authority, the court reverses a partially published opinion of the Fourth District, Division One, and it disapproves a 2016 First District, Division One, opinion.